Greetings from Kitisuru
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if you have questions, please put them in chat and we will see how many we can get to
Dr Giller: What is the extent of human-wildlife conflict, and how are they dealing with it?
how do they prevent grass seeds from transporting insects from one area to another ?
A new agroforestry system is now developed in the Brazilian Cerrado with crops, livestock and trees Eucalipts). Now practiced in 15 million hectares. just 15% of a fazenda can be made C neutral. Another successful system
To what extent is the (over) reliance on maize part of the solution to working landscapes and conservation in Africa? Are there examples of successful changes in diets from maize to more traditional and native crops such as millet, sorghum and yams.
Dino mentioned the government supported project in Kenya focusing in drought-tolerant native crops but this is mostly for food security, not necessarily conservation?
Dr Giller - one problem that most African small holder farmers are facing is rodent infestation. To be more precise lot of research shows that rodent pests damages more than 60% of crop havest. My question to you is, that have you looked into the effect of rodent pests on food production and how can small household farmers reduce the effect of rodent pests on food production
Rodents and arthropod pests indeed. See below results from the survey in the Zambezi Valley Ken just mentioned
Yes, the social context is important, for example, the preference of maize over more tolerant sorghum can, to an extent be linked to the social context
Pedro can you send the reference to the agroforestry system in the ferraro that you mentioned?
Can any of the speakers elaborate on developments behind joining shared land uses/ecosystem connectivity with infrastructure development? In Colombia there have been converted efforts to build highways. Farmers need venues to increase their markets and more connectivity allows farmers to also obtain resources.
Thanks Ken and Dino for answering the maize question! Surprised about maize yields being greater than millet and sorghum yields with very low RF. Is the yield potential different or is the problem with "pests" such as birds? Not surprised about maize seed system being much better established and the socio-economic barriers to changing food systems. In ETH many traditional seed system, e.g. teff, are well-established which serves as a good example.
family planning, not population control!
My latest thoughts on the issues in Africa
Thank you for sharing, Dr. Giller!
please continue to make connection among people and put together topics. to follow up. send ideas to Audrey and me
follow up questions topics to
Paradoxically with the depopulation of rural areas and large farms — then a major impediment to rediversifying and becoming more regenerative is the lack of people/labor!
i absolutely agree with you Ken.
Cheryl asked me to share this link about the Buffalo fence in Botswana https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2211912420300857?via%3Dihub
Sorry - this one https://es-la.facebook.com/616307015194992/videos/294263995351267/?__so__=channel_tab&__rv__=all_videos_card
please copy that link that Ken shared so you can watch this very relevant video on conservation and livelihoods
seems like we need to engage more with civil engineers
Such an excellent discussion by all -
Many thanks everyone! Wonderful presentations and discussion!
Thanks for putting this on!
Thank you all, great discussion!
Thank you all!